charles et ray eames wikipédia

Charles and Eero Saarinen were hired to design Case Study House number 8, which would be the residence of Charles and Ray, in 1945. Their first home, after staying in a hotel for a few weeks, was Neutra’s Strathmore Apartments in the Westwood neighborhood. "Eames Furniture Sourcebook" Weil am Rhein, Germany Vitra Design Museum 2017, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 00:29. [6], In 1947, Eames created several textile designs, two of which, "Crosspatch" and "Sea Things", were produced by Schiffer Prints, a company that also produced textiles by Salvador Dalí and Frank Lloyd Wright. [2] Among the many important designs originating there are the molded-plywood DCW (Dining Chair Wood) and DCM (Dining Chair Metal with a plywood seat) (1945); Eames Lounge Chair (1956); the Aluminum Group furniture (1958); the Eames Chaise (1968), designed for Charles's friend and film director, Billy Wilder;[7] the Solar Do-Nothing Machine (1957), an early solar energy experiment for the Aluminum Corporation of America; and a number of toys. ), Igreja de Santa Maria (Paragould, Arkansas) (1935), Textiles and Ornamental Arts of India (1955), Glimpses of the USA (sete telas para a exposição Americana em Moscovo, Parque Sokoolniki) (1959), Pavilhão da IBM na New York World's Fair de 1964. Eames products were manufactured on Washington Boulevard until the 1950s. He constructed two churches in Arkansas and three homes in St. Louis without an architecture license. Because of post-war material rationing, the materials ordered for the first draft of the Eames House (called “the Bridge House”) were backordered. [11] Two of her textile patterns were distinguished with awards in a textile competition organized by MoMA. Charles arrived at the school on an industrial design fellowship as recommended by Eliel Saarinen, but soon became an instructor. [16], creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames, "The Work of Charles and Ray Eames: A Legacy of Invention", "Pioneering Women of American Architecture", "Charles Eames (1907–1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)", "Charles Eames and Ray Eames Papers: A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ray_Eames&oldid=984675861, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 12:50. In creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames and the Eames Office she was responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts. Também em 1941, Charles e Catarina divorciaram-se, tendo casado em seguida com a sua colega de Cranbrook Ray Kaiser, nascida em Sacramento, na Califórnia. Elle est conçue par Charles Eames et Eero Saarinen avant d'être substantiellement modifiée par Charles et Ray Eames. Foi seguida, entre outras, pelas exposições "A Computer Perspective: Background to the Computer Age" (1971) e "The World of Franklin and Jefferson" (1975–1977). [2], Eames lived alone in New York City until she left the Hoffman Studio to return home to care for her ailing mother. The films also record the process of hanging their exhibits or producing classic furniture designs. [8] The AAA group promoted abstract art at a time when major galleries refused to show it. Charles Eames and Ray Kaiser met at Cranbrook Academy of Art in 1940. Peças originais destes trabalhos podem ser vistas em várias colecções de museus. Charles was consistently advocating that Ray was his equal. [2] As exigências de tempo por parte deste emprego a par das aulas, levaram à privação do sono e à diminuição da sua prestação académica. Charles and Ray began creating tooling and molding plywood into chairs in the second bedroom of the apartment, eventually finding more adequate work spaces in Venice. The Eames Office's productivity slowed after the death of Charles Eames in August 1978. Foi uma dos fundadores do grupo American Abstract Artists em 1936, tendo exibido obras na sua primeira exposição um ano mais tarde no Riverside Museum em Manhattan. [5] With the introduction of plywood splints, they were able to replace problematic metal traction splints that had side effects of inducing gangrene due to impairment of blood circulation. She worked with Harry Bertoia, Eero Saarinen, Charles Eames, and others on the display panels for the exhibition "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" at the Museum of Modern Art.[9]. The Eames Office designed a few more pieces of architecture, many of which were never put into fruition. O casal mudou-se então para Los Angeles, local onde trabalhariam o resto da vida. The Eameses moved in on Christmas Eve and it became their only residence for the remainder of their lives. Ray asked that Lucia and the rest of the Eames family be responsible for all future decisions in regard to Eames designs, the work of the Office, and the preservation of the Eames House and meadow. Tal como no trabalho inicial em contraplacado, os Eames são pioneiros na utilização de inúmeras técnicas, como a fibra de vidro, cadeiras em resina plástica, e as cadeiras em malha de metal concebidas para o fabricante de equipamento de escritório Herman Miller. Following a quick courtship, Eames married Charles Eames in 1941. It was there that Eames learned a variety of arts, not limiting herself to abstract painting. John Entenza, the owner and editor of Arts & Architecture magazine, recognized the importance of Charles and Ray’s thinking and design practices—alongside becoming a close friend of the couple. Charles and Ray preparing to leave Los Angeles with films for the 1959, Contemporary exhibitions and retrospectives, The original was created for a new wing of the (currently named), Mathematica: A World of Numbers... and Beyond, Molded Plastic & Fiberglass Armchair Shell, "California Dreaming: Reconsidering the work of Charles and Ray Eames", Former Eames furniture design headquarters sold in Venice, "Charles Eames (1907–1978) and Ray Eames (1912–1988)", "Wartime Plyformed Molded Leg Splint by Charles Eames", Home&f=false A Designer's Home of His Own, "Sea Things by Charles and Ray Eames, 1947", "The Films of Charles and Ray Eames: Box Set", "Jefferson National Memorial | Eames Office", "The Time-Life Building Lobby | Eames Office", "Awards and Honors for Charles & Ray Eames", Review: Charles and Ray Eames at Design Museum, A Virtual Encyclopedia of All Things Eames, The Library of Congress Website for The Work of Charles & Ray Eames, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Page on Charles & Ray Eames, Art Directors Club biography, portrait and images of work, "A Communications Primer"(1953) at the Internet Archive, Charles Eames talks with Studs Terkel, October 1, 1965; on WFMT, from The Chicago History Museum, at the Internet Archive, "Growing Up Eames" on Architectural Digest, "Explore the World of Design Icons Charles and Ray Eames" on Architectural Digest, "Charles and Ray Eames" by Esther Mccoy in Design Quarterly 1995, Charles and Ray Eames in India" by Saloni Marthur in Art Journal 2011, "War Furniture: Charles and Ray Eames Design for the Wounded Body" by Jason Weems in BOOM 2012, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_and_Ray_Eames&oldid=987917107, Modernist architects from the United States, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, St. Mary's Church, Helena, Arkansas, 1934 (Charles only), St. Mary’s Catholic Church, Paragould, Arkansas, 1935 (Charles only), Meyer House, Huntleigh, Missouri, 1936-1938 (Charles only), City Hall, 1944 (unbuilt, for Architectural Forum magazine competition), Bridge House, 1945 (Charles and Eero Sarrinen, unbuilt), Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Competition, 1947 (St. Louis Gateway Arch by Eero Saarinen won the competition), Billy Wilder House, Beverly Hills, California, 1950 (unbuilt), Herman Miller Showroom, Los Angeles, California, 1950, Max and Esther De Pree House, Zeeland, Michigan, 1954, Griffith Park Railroad, Los Angeles, California, 1957, National Fisheries Center and Aquarium, Washington D.C., 1967 (unbuilt), "The Most Influential Designer of the 20th Century". Neuhart, Marilyn, Neuhart, John and Eames, Ray. The Eameses moved in on Christmas Eve and it became their only residence for the remainder of their lives. Powers of Ten (narrated by physicist Philip Morrison) gives a dramatic demonstration of orders of magnitude by visually zooming away from the earth to the edge of the universe, and then microscopically zooming into the nucleus of a carbon atom. Anything I can do, Ray can do better. Charles Eames, Jr (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) nasceu em St. Louis (Missouri).Era o sobrinho do arquitecto William S. Eames. Enquanto estudante na Universidade de Washington, conheceu a sua primeira mulher, Catherine Woermann, com quem casaria em 1929. [9] Approximately 1.5 million two-dimensional objects were organized and donated by Ray to the Library of Congress for archival safekeeping. A primeira delas, Mathematica: a world of numbers...and beyond (1961), foi financiada pela IBM e é a única das suas exposições ainda existente, e considerada o modelo para exposições de divulgação científica no meio popular. CSH n° 9 : Charles Eames et Eero Saarinen, Entenza House, Pacific Palisades. No fim da década de 40, Charles desenhou e construiu para ambos a pioneira Eames House, integrada no programa "Case Study Houses" da publicação Arts & Arhitecture. Her architect friend, Ben Baldwin, recommended that she would enjoy studying at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. It was followed by A Computer Perspective: Background to the Computer Age (1971) and The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1975–1977), among others. In the 1948 and 1952 Herman Miller bound catalogs, only Charles' name is listed, but it has become clear that Ray was deeply involved and was an equal partner with her husband in many projects. Although Charles did not concern himself with the future of their designs after their death, Ray was actively planning the continuation of the Eames legacy during the last decade of her life. The World of Franklin and Jefferson (1975), construída para a comissão de comemoração do bicentenário dos Estados Unidos. [7], In 1936, Eames became a founding member of the American Abstract Artists group and displayed paintings in their first show in 1937 at Riverside Museum in Manhattan. They are buried next to each other in Calvary Cemetery in St. Louis. [5] Entre os vários projectos de relevo que surgiram no gabinete estão as cadeiras em contraplacado moldado DCW ("Dining Chair Wood") e DCM ("Dining Chair Metal") em 1945, Eames Lounge Chair de 1956, o mobiliário para o Aluminium Group em 1958, a Eames Chaise, desenhada em 1968 para o amigo de Charles, o realizador Billy Wilder, a Do-Nothing Machine em 1957, experiências com energia solar e um vasto número de brinquedos. The office closed completely after Ray's death. The couple often produced short films in order to document their interests, such as collecting toys and cultural artifacts on their travels. Era o sobrinho do arquitecto William S. Eames. [6], In 1933, Eames graduated from the May Friend Bennett Women's College in Millbrook, New York (where her art teacher was Lu Duble), and moved to New York City to study abstract expressionist painting with Duble's mentor, Hans Hofmann. Their company became the Molded Plywood Products Division[12] of Evans Plywood. [16], I never gave up painting, I just changed my palette. Eames has a painting in the permanent collection of The Whitney Museum of American Art. Unbuilt projects include the Billy Wilder House, the prefabricated kit home known as the Kwikset House, and a national aquarium. Between 1943 and 1978, the Eames Office produced numerous furniture designs that went into commercial production, many of which utilized plywood. Charles was the public face of the Eames Office, but Ray and Charles worked together as creative partners and employed a diverse creative staff. In the years before her death Ray hosted visiting student groups, numbering in the region of fifty to sixty, and was planning to host one hundred members of the American Institute of Architects to view the house and picnic in the meadow. She was a member of the Art Club, the Big Sister Club, and was on the decorating committee for the senior dance. Desde o início da sua actividade, o mobiliário dos Eames era listado apenas pelo nome de Charles Eames. The first of the Eameses’ plywood pieces was a splint made for the US Navy. CSH n° 8 : Charles et Ray Eames, Eames House, Pacific Palisades. Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames (15 de Dezembro de 1912 – 21 de Agosto de 1988) foi uma artista, designer e cineasta norte-americana que, em conjunto com o seu marido Charles, foi responsável por muitos ícones do design do século XX. The Ray Eames textiles have been re-issued by Maharam as part of their “Textiles of the Twentieth Century” collection. The design process between Ray and Charles was strongly collaborative. [15] The exhibition ran for one year and featured work produced by Ray before she met Charles in 1941 in addition to the work of The Eames Office. The chair won first prize, but its form was unable to be successfully mass produced. Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames, née Kaiser (December 15, 1912 – August 21, 1988), was an American artist, designer, and filmmaker.In creative partnership with her spouse Charles Eames and the Eames Office she was responsible for groundbreaking contributions in the field of architecture, furniture design, industrial design, manufacturing and the photographic arts. Mathematica: a world of numbers...and beyond, Charles Ormond Eames : architect biography, «CHARLES AND RAY EAMES: A Register of Their Papers in the Library of Congress», Review: Charles and Ray Eames at Design Museum, The Library of Congress Website for The Work of Charles & Ray Eames, The Industrial Designers Society of America Charles Eames page, The Metropolitan Museum of Art Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Page on Charles & Ray Eames, Art Directors Club biography, portrait and images of work, Ray Eames on The California Museum's California Legacy Trails, "A Communications Primer"(1953) at the Internet Archive, https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_e_Ray_Eames&oldid=55525460, !Páginas que usam hiperligações mágicas ISBN, Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 3.0 Não Adaptada (CC BY-SA 3.0) da Creative Commons, Casa modelo do St. Louis Post-Dispatch (193?

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